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1996 Spring Meeting
American Geophysical Union
May 20-24, 1996
Baltimore, Maryland

Updated May 5 1996

Program and Sponsors
General Information
Program Committee
Instructions for Submitting an Abstract (Now closed)
Important Policies
Preparation Information
Submittal Information
Submittal Fee
Important Dates
Policies to Remember Regarding Abstracts
Special Session Descriptions
Instructions for Preparation of Typewritten Abstract Copy

Program and Sponsors

This meeting provides an outstanding opportunity for researchers, teachers, students, and consultants to review the latest issues affecting the Earth, the planets, and their environment in space.

You may contribute to the success of this meeting by submitting an abstract and attending the presentations. Don't miss this chance to attend scientific sessions targeting your specific needs and interests, and to meet with your colleagues to review the latest developments in your field.

American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a society of over 33,000 members with purposes of advancing progress in the Earth, atmospheric, oceanic, hydrologic, and space and planetary sciences. AGU is dedicated to fostering high-quality scientific research, disseminating the results of that research, enhancing educational opportunities in science, and encouraging international cooperation in geophysics.

Estuarine Research Federation (ERF) promotes research in estuarine and coastal waters and communication between members of its affiliated societies. The Federation conducts meetings and is available as a source of advice on matters concerning estuaries and the coastal zone.

Geochemical Society (GS) encourages the application of chemistry to the solution of geological and cosmological problems.

Mineralogical Society of America (MSA) provides a forum for individuals interested in mineralogy, crystallography, and petrology.


Baltimore's renaissance has transformed the city into a fabulous playground where visitors can fully enjoy themselves. Most of Baltimore's attractions are located within walking distance of the Convention Center, AGU's designated hotels, and the Inner Harbor.

During your free time you can explore the wonders found at the National Aquarium, home to more than 5,000 specimens of aquatic life. Discover hands-on exhibits and see fascinating shows in the Davis Planetarium and the five-story IMAX Theater at the Maryland Science Center. Climb aboard the decks of the U.S. submarine Torsk and the U.S. Frigate Constellation, the oldest American warship continuously afloat. Enjoy the shops in the twin pavilions of Harborplace with its multilevel gallery, a modern mecca of food, fashion, and style.

Evening diversions include a glorious array of international cuisine and native Maryland seafood specialties that offer endless dining options. Pub-hopping in historic Fell's Point or dancing at one of the many clubs are also popular pastimes.

General Information

This meeting will cover topics on all areas of geophysical sciences, and therefore, contributed papers on any topic in geophysics are encouraged. In addition to the many general sessions, there will be a number of special sessions.

Because of the close ties between many aspects of geophysics, special steps will be taken to facilitate sessions involving multiple sections. These include the scheduling of Union sessions, the joint sponsorship of sessions by multiple sections, and some themes that will cut across section interests to which individual sessions may be related.

Program Committee

Meeting Chairman, Ron Zwickl, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303-3328, tel.: 303-497-3029, fax: 303-497-3645, e-mail:

Atmospheric Sciences, Joyce E. Penner, University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94550, tel.: 510-422-4140, fax: 510-422-5844, e-mail:

Estuarine Research Federation, to be determined

Geochemical Society, L. Peter Gromet, Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, tel.: 401-863-1920, fax: 401-863-2058, e-mail:

Geodesy, C. K. Shum, Center for Space Research, University of Texas, C0605, Austin, TX 78712, tel.: 512-471-5573, fax: 512-471-3570, e-mail:; Jim Davis, Harvard/SAO, tel: 617-496-7640, e-mail:

Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism, Kenneth Kodama, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, LeHigh University, 31 Williams Drive, Bethlehem, PA 18015, tel.: 610-758-3663, fax: 610-758-3677,

Hydrology, William P. Kustas, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Building 007 Barc West, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, tel.: 301-504-8498, fax 301-504-8931, e-mail:

Mineralogical Society of America, Robert Downs, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015, tel.: 202-686-2410, ext. 2469, fax: 202-686-2419, e-mail:

Ocean Sciences, Mark E. Luther, University of South Florida, Department of Marine Science, 140-7th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701-5016, tel.: 813-893-9528, fax: 813-893-9189, e-mail:

Planetology, Suzanne E. Smrekar, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Mail Stop 183-501, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, tel.: 818-354-4192, fax: 818-354-0966, e-mail:

Seismology, Charles Ammon, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University, 3507 Laclede Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63103, tel.: 314-977-3197, fax: 314-977-3117, e-mail:

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Odile De La Beaujardiere (SA), Geoscience Department, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 775, Arlington, VA 22230, tel.: 703-306-1520, fax: 703-306-0377, e-mail:; Edmond C. Roelof (SH), Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723-6099, tel.: 301-953-5411, fax: 301-953-6670, e-mail:; Robert L. Lysak (SM), University of Minnesota, Tate Laboratory, 116 Church Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, tel.: 612-625-1323, fax: 612-626-2029, e-mail:

Tectonophysics, Sean Willett, Pennsylvania State University, 443 Deike Building, University Park, PA 16802, tel.: 814-865-3951, fax: 814-863-7823, e-mail:; and Mineral and Rock Physics, James Tyburczy, Arizona State University, Department of Geology, Tempe, AZ 85287, tel.: 602-965-2637, fax: 602-965-8102, e-mail:

Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology, Frank J. Spera, University of California, Department of Geological Sciences, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, tel.: 805-893-4880, fax: 805-893-2314, e-mail:

Instructions for Submitting an Abstract

Electronic Abstract Submission

Electronic submissions are highly recommended:

All abstracts received electronically will be published on the World Wide Web. You will be able to view these abstracts weeks before the abstract volume is published. Electronic abstract submission instructions are available from this AGU Web site, through FTP, and by e-mail request.

Important Policies

  1. Abstracts will not be accepted after February 29, 1996, except for the special session S01: Tsunamigenic Earthquakes of February 1996: Biak and Peru
  2. Abstracts must be submitted in English.
  3. Abstracts will be returned without consideration if they are:
  4. New Procedure: For AGU Annual Meetings, a person as first author may submit only one contributed paper for consideration by the Annual Meetings Program Committee for inclusion in the program. An appropriate member of the Annual Meetings Program Committee may invite one additional first-authored paper for a given individual. Invitation of any additional first-authored paper by the same person can be approved by the Annual Meetings Program Chairman only under exceptional circumstances.
  5. Abstracts submitted by individuals who are not members of AGU, ERF, GS, or MSA will not be considered unless they are sponsored by a member of AGU or accompanied by an AGU membership application (with payment).
  6. New Procedures:
    a) Abstracts submitted electronically will receive a confirmation by e-mail. All may verify receipt of abstracts through the World Wide Web/AGU Homepage under the Meeting Section. Lists will be updated every few days. Those without access to electronic networks can phone AGU after March 11 for confirmation of receipt. If you do not receive an automatic reply from your electronically submitted abstract, contact the Meetings Department by e-mail or telephone no later than March 5 to determine if your abstract has been received.
    b) AGU cannot respond to automatically (auto-reply) to Internet node names not registered with the Network Information Center. Be certain that the node you are sending from is registered with the NIC prior to submitting an abstract.
    c) Please be aware of the following when submitting your abstract electronically. Your abstract could be rejected by the server if:
  7. Acceptance letters will be mailed to the corresponding author in early April
  8. All accepted abstracts will be published in Eos. Submission of an abstract for the meeting is presumed to carry with it permission for AGU to reproduce the abstract in Eos, meeting programs, and reports related to the meeting. It is also presumed to permit the free copying of the abstract. Although Eos is a copyrighted publication, authors are not required to transfer copyright for abstracts submitted to meetings. Copyright, where it exists, will be reserved by the authors.
  9. Important: The abstract submittal fee is not refundable (including duplicate submissions). Please, do not submit your abstract more than once.
  10. Submission of an abstract carries with it the obligation of the presenter to give the paper in the mode of presentation and on the day and time assigned by the Program Committee.

Preparation Information

Submittal Information

Numbered sections below refer to the items in the submittal information area on the sample abstract. Send the original and two copies of your abstract to AGU. To avoid processing errors, do not send cover letters, clip two or more abstracts together, send more than one abstract per envelope, or send more than one set of the same abstract to AGU.

Do not submit more than one contributed abstract with the same first author, unless one of the papers is invited. An author may submit only one contributed abstract. An author can have only one invited paper. An invited paper must be invited by a section program representative.

  1. Title of meeting.
  2. Identification (abstracts may be submitted only by AGU, ERF, GS, or MSA members; nonmembers must have sponsorship of an AGU member, including invited talks). AGU members: Type in your AGU identification (ID) number. ERF, GS and MSA members: Type in the name of the society that you are a member of. If no author is an AGU, ERF, GS, or MSA member, type the ID number of the AGU member sponsor (sponsor's name must also appear on the abstract at the end of the author section).

  3. a) Corresponding address: Give name and mailing address of the author to whom all acceptance letters should be sent.
    b) Corresponding author's telephone number.
    c) Corresponding author's fax number.
    d) Corresponding author's e-mail address.
  4. Section to which abstract is submitted. Use the following letter abbreviations: A (Atmospheric Sciences); E (Estuarine Research Federation); G (Geodesy); GS (Geochemical Society); GP (Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism); H (Hydrology); M (Mineralogical Society of America); O (Ocean Sciences); P (Planetology); S (Seismology); SA (SPA Aeronomy); SH (SPA Solar and Heliospheric Physics); SM (SPA Magnetospheric Physics); T (Tectonophysics); V (Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology); U (Union).

  5. a) Type the special session code and title to which submittal is made, if any.
    b) Type the number and description of at least three AGU index terms that best fit the topic of your paper within the section. Index terms are published in the AGU Handbook and on AGU's homepage on the World Wide Web. You can access index terms on the Web at Click on "Publications", then "Tips and Tools for Authors", then "List of Index Terms".
  6. New Procedure: Indicate mode of presentation desired: Tell us if you would prefer to present a poster. Indicate Poster Video (PV) or Poster Computer (PC) if you prefer to give your presentation as one of these options. AGU will charge for all equipment: $60 approximately for PC and PV. Call for price on more sophisticated equipment.
    Indicate Title Only (TO) if you wish to have your abstract published (if accepted) but will not be at the meeting to present the paper.
    The final decision on which presentation method is used will be made by the Program Committee. It is expected that about 35% of the presentations will be posters. After the program is arranged, papers may not be moved.
  7. Indicate the percent of material previously presented or published, and where.
  8. Give the amount and type of payment enclosed. Payment must accompany the abstract. Make checks payable to AGU. If payment is by purchase order, a copy of the PO must be attached to each individual abstract. Abstracts without necessary paper work will be rejected.

    Submittal Fee

    The submittal fee is not refundable. The fees are set in U.S. dollars.
    Abstract size: 11.8 cm x 18 cm (or less)

    Abstract size: 11.8 cm x 28 cm

    * The student rate is applicable only when the first author is a student presenting his/her own paper.

    **Fee Discounts: If payment is made by a check, credit card, or a bank draft, the regular member fee is reduced by $10. (This reduction does not apply to students or if submitting an extended abstract.)

  9. Indicate whether the paper is contributed (C) or invited (I). If invited, the name of the Section Program Chairman who invited the paper must be provided; if no name is provided, the paper will be treated as contributed.
  10. Special request. If you have a special request, such as "schedule paper before or after another", indicate here. Do not send cover letters. Requests for papers following each other and having the same presenter generally will not be honored.
    If you would be willing to chair a session in your field, please indicate in number 10. If selected, you will be contacted by a program committee member.
  11. Student paper. If a student author is presenting his/her own paper, indicate YES.

Submittal Fee Information