The Seismology Section is concerned with the study of the Earth’s internal structure and seismic . They use seismic waves to probe the interior of the Earth and explore earthquake source phenomena, applying fundamentals of wave propagation in complex media. Recent work has extended seismology to encompass signals generated by weather systems and ice sheets, as well as seismic waves on other planetary bodies. As such, seismological findings contribute to the greater view of the planets as dynamic systems.
Exciting topics at the forefront of seismological research include the structure and dynamics of the Earth’s core, the seismic structure of the lithosphere and asthenosphere, the causes and consequences of induced earthquakes, and the nucleation process of large earthquakes. Seismology attracts considerable public interest and support because of its contributions to society in mitigating earthquake hazards, detecting volcanic activity, monitoring of nuclear explosions, and finding natural resources. Seismology is a data-based science and has many opportunities for people who take an analytical approach to the geophysical sciences, including those skilled in physics, applied mathematics, and time series analysis.